We will follow the exposition by Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche in Pure Appearance: Development and Completion Stages in Vajrayana Practice.
The four binding forces are the force of appearances as the deity; the force of mantra and prana; the unchanging view; and application of activities.
The discussion will be enriched by references from the Vidyadhara.
Pure Appearance is a compendium of talks by Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche in Boulder, Colorado, in June 1987. Available from the Nalanda Translation Committee.
Chapter 1, pp 15 – 22;
Chapter 4, pp 69 – 95;
Chapter 5, pp 97 – 121
Open to Vajrayogini and Chakrasamvara sadhakas